Black’s Law Dictionary

Black’s Law  Dictionary

The sustained popularity of this Legal dictionary since its appearance (like Bouvier´s Law Dictionary in the XIX Century) it was attributed to the scholarship and Learning of Henry Campbell Black, and to the plan adopted by him for the compilation of a legal lexicon. Now the editor is Bryan Garner, a lexicographer.

Black’s is the last standing comprehensive American Legal dictionary  intended for a wide audience. Unlike Bouvier’s and Ballantine’s, which have not been updated in decades, Black’s is supported by the West/Thomson legal publishing behemoth and benefits from the resources that publisher provides. The dictionary has been translated into (of all languages) Urdu.(89. Qanuni, Angrezi- Urdu lughat: Blaiks la’ dikshanari se makhuz (2002) (published by Islamabad: Muqtadirah-yi Qaumi Zaban).

Some authors recommend the fourth edition of Black’s because the fifth edition “leans away
from Common law toward Equity Law.”

Henry Campbell Black wrote that “The first canon of lexicography relates to substance: A dictionary
must be comprehensive; the second, to form: A dictionary must be convenient.”(5 HARV. L. REv. 155, 155 (reviewing BLACK’S LAW DICTIONARY (1st ed. 1891)).

A reviewer noted in 1910 that [t]he task of the compiler of a law dictionary becomes more difficult in
geometric progression year by year, as the scope, aim and study of the law are broadened to include the rapidly-increasing bulk of human knowledge; for the law reaches out and bodily assimilates many of the sciences akin to it.(Clement R. Wood, Book Note, 20 YALE L.J. 423 (1911))

4th Edition (1968)

In the Preface to the 4th Edition, it was addressed the usefulness of the legal dictionary to the law student, “confronted in his casebooks with reports from The Year Books , or with extracts
from Glanvil, Bracton, Littleton, or Coke, will find in this dictionary an unusually complete collection of definitions of terms used in old English, European, and feudal law.”

8th Edition (2004)

“[The eighth edition] continues the effort begun with the seventh edition: … to raise the level of scholarship through serious research and careful reassessment.”. The eighth edition contains definitions of over 40,000 terms, an increase of 17,000 terms over the seventh edition.

Titles

If words have a useful life, then so do dictionaries. Black’s began in 1891; its full title reminds us of a proud parent, christening his first-born-A Dictionary of Law Containing Definitions of the Terms and Phrases of American and English Jurisprudence, Ancient and Modem Including the Principal Terms of International, Constitutional, and Commercial law ; with a Collection of Legal Maxims and
Numerous Select Titles from the Civil Law and Other Foreign Systems.

The full title of the second edition (repeated, with only slight variations, in the third) attests
to youthful exuberance-as new and exciting features are recalled, they burst forth A Law Dictionary: Containing definitions of the terms and phrases of American and English jurisprudence, ancient and modem. And including the principal terms of international, constitutional, ecclesiastical, and Commercial law , and medical jurisprudence, with a collection of legal maxims, numerous select titles
from the roman, modem civil, scotch, French, Spanish and Mexican law, and other foreign systems, and a table of abbreviations.

By its fourth edition, the work had achieved a certain maturity; the titles to the
fourth, fifth, and sixth editions no longer include the litany of contents, but there is
still the need to describe what the work is-Black’s Law Dictionary: Definitions of
the Terms and Phrases of American and English Jurisprudence, Ancient and
Modem.

By the seventh edition, any description on the title page has become
superfluous; having established itself and being in its prime, the dictionary, in its
seventh and eighth editions, is simply Black’s Law Dictionary.

Reviewers

Early editions of Black’s (perhaps as a testament to its novelty, if nothing
else) were reviewed in major Law Journals . Although reviews of the seventh
and eighth editions have appeared in a number of journals, the premier
publications of legal scholarship have not included reviews of recent editions of
Black’s.

Appendices of the Dictionary

The U.S. Constitution and a table of British regnal years have long been included as appendices to Black’s. In the Preface of the 1968 edition appears “The student will also find in this
volume, on page 1795, a useful Table of British Regnal Years, listing
the sovereigns of England for more than 900 years, together with the
date of accession to the throne, and the length of reign.”The eighth edition includes the
Universal Declaration of Human Rights , a Federal Circuits map, and a
thirteen page bibliography.

See Also

 

Further Reading

  • Book Review, 5 Nw. U. L. REv. 582 (1911) (reviewing BLACK’S LAW DICTIONARY (2d ed. 1910))
  • Alexander Hamilton Frey, 82 U. PA. L. REv. 886 (1934) (reviewing BLACK’S LAW DICTIONARY (3d ed. 1933)).
  • Paul Hellyer, Keeping up with New Legal Times, 97 LAW LmR. J. 158, 158-59 (2005) (reviewing BLACK’s LAW DICTIONARY (8th ed. 2004))

Conclusion

Notes

References and Further Reading

About the Author/s and Reviewer/s

Author: international

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